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From the occupation of Afghanistan by the former USSR in the 1980s to the US war from 2001 to 2021, Afghanistan has experienced war and turmoil for nearly four decades. Not only was Afghanistan completely destroyed, but it affected the whole region, especially Pakistan. Pakistan was one of the fastest growing economies in the 1960s and 1970s, but with the start of the war in Afghanistan in the 1980s, the Pakistani economy began to deteriorate consecutively on a annual. Pakistan not only sacrificed about 80,000 precious human lives, but also an estimated economic loss of about US$250 billion. Extremism, terrorism, drug culture and gun culture were an added gift of the war in Afghanistan.

Since the American withdrawal of its troops from Afghanistan and their takeover by the Taliban on August 15, 2021, there is hope for peace and stability. It has benefited Afghanistan immensely, but has also shown positive developments throughout the region. Regional developments and prosperity are linked to peace and stability in Afghanistan.

Pakistan is ready to stand with the people of Afghanistan to boost their economy and their well-being. In this context, Pakistan and Afghanistan are likely to agree on the development of a multimodal air-road corridor, which will contribute significantly to the economic development of the two countries. Pakistan stressed the need for urgent international humanitarian assistance for the Afghan people while reiterating its support for a peaceful, united, stable and prosperous Afghanistan. The Pakistani-Chinese plan to expand CPEC to Afghanistan demonstrates Pakistan’s firm commitment to a peaceful, stable, prosperous and connected Afghanistan.

Since September 2021, more than 14,945 tonnes of humanitarian aid has been sent to Afghanistan via 694 trucks and four C130 aircraft under the Pakistan Cooperation Forum (PACF) arrangements. Following the recent earthquake in Afghanistan, Pakistan opened its border to South Waziristan and established a makeshift medical facility. Relief from Pakistan includes food, clothing, blankets, medicine, etc. For ages, Pakistan has been supporting reconstruction in the war-ravaged neighboring country by building hospitals, schools and roads to help improve the lives of the Afghan people and their development aid. to Afghanistan has reached US$1 billion so far. In 2019, the second largest hospital in Afghanistan, Jinnah Hospital, which is a 200-bed state-of-the-art medical facility in Kabul, was opened at a cost of over $24 million as part of Pakistan’s contribution to reconstruction and development. efforts.

Recently, Pakistan has offered to provide online teaching facilities to Afghan students – Allama Iqbal Open University (AIOU) and Virtual University (VU) will teach students through their television network.

In 2020, the country’s Higher Education Commission (HEC) announced about 3,000 scholarships worth Rs. 1.5 billion Afghan students are studying in different institutes in Pakistan in various fields including medicine, engineering, agriculture, management and computer science.

Pakistan has made exemplary efforts to revitalize bilateral economic relations to boost trade and investment through cooperation in various fields and frequent exchange of trade delegations.

In an effort to rebuild and rebuild Afghanistan, Pakistan has never acted like a traditional donor country, as evidenced by its four decades of hosting 3 million Afghan refugees and facilitating the Afghan peace process before the Taliban takeover in August 2021.

From its limited resources, Pakistan is providing US$500 million for capacity building in various sectors including education and health, as well as construction of schools, hospitals, roads, etc. communications infrastructure of Afghanistan. Some of the projects completed under Pakistan’s bilateral assistance program are:-

Roads and transport sector

o 75 km Torkham – Jalalabad Road.

o Additional transport Wayat Torkham – Jalalabad Road.

o 3 internal routes in Jalalabad.

o Traffic lights in the city of Jalalabad.

o Supply of road construction machinery.

o 30 mobile hot mixers, generators and medicines for Wardak province.

o 200 trucks and 100 public transport buses.

Education sector

o Rehman Baba School and Hostel, Kabul at a price of Rs: 120 million.

o Block of Liaquat Ali Khan Faculty of Engineering, Balkh University, at a cost of Rs: 1,046 billion.

o Allama Iqbal Faculty of Arts, Kabul University at a cost of Rs: 672.54 million.

o Sir Syed Postgraduate Faculty of Science, Nangarhar University at a cost of Rs: 389.65 million.

o 6 primary schools and 2 vocational training institutes in Kabul and Baghlan.

o 10 buses for the universities of Kabul and Nangarhar.

o 300,000 school kits for 18 provinces.

o 2000 fully funded scholarships for higher education in Pakistan.

o 500,000 refugee students enrolled in schools in Pakistan.

o Training of 644 Afghan police and narcotics control officers, doctors and paramedics, diplomats, law enforcement officers, customs officers, farmers and bankers.

Health sector

o Nishtar Kidney Centre, Jalalabad at a cost of USD 7 million.

o 400-bed Jinnah Hospital, Kabul at a cost of $118.854 million.

o Naeb Aminullah Khan Hospital, Logar at a cost of USD 20 million.

o 45 ambulances for 12 provinces.

o 14 fully equipped mobile medical units at a cost of Rs 58020 million.

o Medicines for Kabul, Jalalabad and Kandahar.

o Free Eye Camps (still continued).

o A single Pakistani philanthropic organization performed more than 30,000 free eye surgeries on Afghan patients in 2008 alone.

General assistance included the supply of television transmitters for Kandahar, a digital radio link between Kabul and Peshawar, security equipment and computers, the installation of 15 hand pumps for deep wells in the villages of Kabul and the rehabilitation Kabul Zoo and Deh Mazang Park.

It is desirable that the international community follow the same spirit and extend the humanitarian aid which Afghanistan badly needs on an emergency basis. Developed nations in particular should help Afghanistan generously.

About Ren Valdez

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